Upper Mustang Trek

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Nepal Pyramids Trekking & Climbing
Upper Mustang Trek
At a Glance
  • Duration17 Days
  • Difficulty Level Challenging
  • Places to Visit Upper Mustang
  • Max Altitude 3,800m/12,467ft.
  • Group Size 2-15
  • Starts Jomsom
  • Ends Jomsom
  • Activity Trekking
  • Best Season Spring/Autumn

Upper Mustang Trek Highlights

  • Stunning Landscape: Upper Mustang is known for its dramatic and otherworldly landscape. The region is characterized by deep canyons, towering cliffs, and striking rock formations carved by wind and water over centuries. The barren hills, rugged mountains, and wide open spaces create a surreal and mesmerizing environment.
  • Himalayan Peaks: The region offers panoramic views of several majestic Himalayan peaks, including Nilgiri, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, and many others. These snow-capped mountains form a stunning backdrop against the stark and arid landscape of Upper Mustang, creating a picturesque vista at every turn.
  • Ancient Caves and Monasteries: Upper Mustang is renowned for its ancient caves and monasteries. The region is home to numerous caves that were once used as dwellings by monks and hermits. Some of these caves are adorned with intricate Buddhist murals, while others contain ancient manuscripts and artifacts. The monasteries, such as the renowned Lo Gekar Monastery and Tsarang Monastery, are architectural marvels and important pilgrimage sites.
  • Lo Manthang: The walled city of Lo Manthang is the cultural heart of the Upper Mustang. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the former capital of the Kingdom of Lo. The city is characterized by its unique mud-brick buildings, narrow alleys, and the imposing 15th-century royal palace. The preserved Tibetan Buddhist traditions, colorful festivals, and warm hospitality of the local people make Lo Manthang an enchanting destination.
  • Forbidden Kingdom: Until 1992, Upper Mustang was restricted to foreign visitors, earning it the nickname "The Last Forbidden Kingdom." This isolation helped preserve the region's distinct culture, traditions, and heritage. Exploring Upper Mustang feels like stepping back in time, offering a glimpse into a traditional Tibetan Buddhist way of life that has remained relatively untouched for centuries.
  • Tiji Festival: One of the most celebrated events in the Upper Mustang is the Tiji Festival. This three-day religious festival is held annually in Lo Manthang and showcases vibrant masked dances, rituals, and performances that depict the triumph of good over evil. The festival attracts both locals and tourists, creating a festive and vibrant atmosphere in the region.
  • Hospitality and Culture: The people of Upper Mustang are known for their warm hospitality and deeply ingrained Tibetan Buddhist culture. Interacting with the locals, experiencing their way of life, and participating in traditional rituals can be a truly enriching experience. The genuine kindness and generosity of the people add to the overall beauty of the region.

Upper Mustang Trek Overview:

The Upper Mustang trek takes you to the Forbidden Kingdom of Mustang, the lost Tibetan Kingdom, and one of the most astonishing valleys that exist in Nepal. Mustang literally hides behind the soaring snowy range of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna. This ancient kingdom of Mustang was opened to the outside world only in 1992.

Mustang has very successfully managed to retain its culture without any influence from the outside world and modernization. Without a doubt, its people have accomplished preserving this magnificent trans-Himalayan kingdom.

Upper Mustang Trek is a journey of remarkable contrasts with vast and barren Tibetan landscapes, century-old cliff-hanging monasteries, cultured settlements with lush rice fields, and timeless traditions. Upper Mustang, a forbidden kingdom and a source of the world's deepest gorge, Kali Gandaki is simply phenomenal.

In terms of difficulty, the upper Mustang is attainable for anyone with reasonable fitness. In fact, now anyone can drive to this sensational hidden valley. The Upper Mustang trekking permit may seem expensive as it costs $500 for 10 days permit but it's worth visiting. it's a special opportunity which you may probably have it only once.

 “Nepal's Treasured Beauty and Marvel - The Forbidden Kingdom of Nepal"

The Upper Mustang trek is indeed a great opportunity to explore the restricted kingdom of Nepal. It's an adventure from the very first day when you fly through the world's deepest valley to Jomsom airport. Popularly known as a desert of Nepal, Upper Mustang indeed has a mystical presence. However, every village in the upper Mustang is more like a mirage that appears lush green in the middle of nowhere.

Every year in the month of May Mustang celebrates one of their major festival called the Tiji Festival. It's a prayer for 'Peace'. Both local and international tourists visit Upper Mustang during this festival.

The Beauty of Upper Mustang Trek

Upper Mustang is a region of breathtaking beauty and cultural significance. Nestled in the rain shadow of the mighty Himalayas, the Upper Mustang is a hidden gem with a unique landscape, rich history, and vibrant Tibetan Buddhist culture.

The beauty of Upper Mustang, often referred to as the "Last Forbidden Kingdom," is a captivating blend of natural grandeur and rich cultural heritage. Nestled within the rugged landscapes of the Himalayas in Nepal, this unique region boasts a surreal and arid terrain with its ancient Tibetan-influenced culture and architecture.

The dramatic vistas of towering red cliffs, canyons, and wind-sculpted rock formations are fascinating. Further, it is complemented by the striking contrast of vibrant green oasis-like villages set against the glaring, desert-like backdrop. The ancient walled city of Lo Manthang, with its unique medieval design, still stands the test of time.

The ancient monasteries and the narrow maze-like alleyways demonstrate the historical and cultural treasures of the Upper Mustang. All these make Upper Mustang a destination of unparalleled charm and intrigue for trekkers and explorers alike.

Upper Mustang is certainly a unique experience of being in a once-forbidden kingdom. Its untouched beauty and preserved traditions make it a must-visit destination for those seeking a blend of natural splendor and cultural immersion.


The formidable kingdom of Lo, The Upper Mustang is a restricted area, located in the remote Himalayan region of Nepal. Since Upper Mustang was open to the outside world in 1992, only a small number of treks are permitted each year which makes it a very exclusive trekking destination.

Being a restricted area there are a few restrictions and limitations for Foreign Trekkers:

  • First, Foreign Trekkers are forbidden to trek alone. Nepal immigration doesn’t issue special permits for a single individual traveler. The minimum no of foreign travelers must be at least 2.
  • Second, all foreign trekkers must be affiliated with a local travel company to visit Upper Mustang. If you book through any of the local travel agencies, they will arrange everything for you.
  • Finally, the SPECIAL PERMITS.

Permits required for the Upper Mustang trek include:

  • All trekkers require a SPECIAL TREKKING PERMIT (Restricted Area Permit) which costs $500 per trekker and is issued by the Nepal Immigration office. The most crucial thing to know is, that special permits are only issued for a minimum of 10 days of permit validity. However, anyone can extend further but you can't lessen the minimum number of days.

This literally means, that even if you travel to Upper Mustang for 5 days you will still need a 10-day validity permit that costs you $500. If by any chance you wish to extend your days in Upper Mustang past 10 days then an additional $50 per day per trekker will be charged.

  • Additional permits are, ACAP (Annapurna Conservation Area Project) permits. Since Upper Mustang falls in Annapurna Conservation Area Project you would require a national park permit.
  • Next is the TIMS (Trekking Information Management System) permit – all together, ACAP and TIMS will cost you an extra $50 per trekker. TIMS permit was discontinued during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. There are plans to require the permit again starting in 2024, but the details are not yet finalized. So it's still uncertain if or how the permit will be enforced in the future.

However, the cost of ACAP and TIMS permits for trekkers from the SAARC ( South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) countries is around NPR. 1300 per trekker, this price guideline is subject to change sometimes over certain immigration amendments. The number of days for these permits is not restricted to the limited number of days like Special permits. All of this, however, will be organized by Nepal Pyramids before you arrive in Kathmandu.

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Outline Itinerary

  • Day 01:Arrive to Kathmandu (1,400 m/4,593 feet)
  • Day 02:Half day city tour/ free afternoon
  • Day 03:Drive to Pokhara (820 m/2,690 feet)
  • Day 04:Fly to Jomsom (2,720 m/8,923 feet) and trek to Kagbeni (2,800 m/9,186 feet)
  • Day 05:Trek to Chele (3,050 m/10,006 feet)
  • Day 06:Trek to Syangboche (3,800 m/12,467 feet)
  • Day 07:Trek to Ghami (3,520 m/11,548 feet)
  • Day 08:Trek to Tsarang (3,560 m/11,679 feet) - The Land of Chortens (Stupa)
  • Day 09:Trek to Lo Manthang (3,800 m/12,467 feet) - The Walled City
  • Day 10:Rest day at Lo Manthang.
  • Day 11:Trek to Dhakmar (3,820 m/12,532 feet) the Land of Red Cliffs via Ghar Gompa
  • Day 12:Trek to Syangbuche (3,800 m/12,467 ft) 5 - 6 hours
  • Day 13:Trek to Chhuksang (2,980 m/9,776 feet)
  • Day 14:Drive to Jomsom (2,720 m/8,923 feet)
  • Day 15:Fly to Pokhara
  • Day 16:Fly to Kathmandu
  • Day 17:Departure Day - Transfer to International Airport.

Upper Mustang Trek Detailed Itinerary

Soon you land in Kathmandu airport your group leader will be there to greet you and transfer you to the hotel.


  • Pick up from the international airport.
  • It’s quite remarkable to see the lively activities around while driving to the hotel.
  • Transfer to the hotel by your Group Leader.
  • Arriving early gives you ample opportunity to explore the bustling town of Thamel.

PLEASE NOTE: As per Nepal Government regulations, to access restricted mountain areas like Upper Mustang, we require your original passport and passport-sized photos to swiftly secure the Special Trekking Permit. This document must be temporarily submitted to the Nepal Immigration Department. It is a golden ticket to unseen vistas and untouched valleys away from the maddening crowd. So, we will be collecting these documents upon your arrival at the hotel.

  • Altitude: 1,400 m/4,593 feet
  • Accommodation: 3 Star Hotel
  • Transport: Airport Pickup

Today would be the most exhilarating day when your leader introduces you to our city tour expert who guides you to the most pious Hindu and Buddhist religious places that are listed in the world heritage sites and elucidates to you the entire mysticism over its existence


  • We explore the sights and sounds of world heritage sites in Kathmandu.
  • Witness the traditional cremation at the sacred Hindu temple of Pashupatinath.
  • Visit Boudhanath, one of the largest spherical Stupas in Nepal
  • Trek briefing and equipment distribution in the afternoon.
  • Welcome dinner and getting to know each other.
  • Accommodation: 3 Star Hotel
  • Meals: Breakfast / Welcome Dinner
  • Transport: Private Vehicle

The early drive to Pokhara through the unfamiliar slender highway is special with its picturesque view, beautiful landscape, gorges, and farming terraces along with a glimpse of snow-clad mountains at the backdrop.


  • Pokhara (820 m), the second biggest city also very popularly known as the second home of the tourists is the land of extravagant beauty that triggers excitement despite its 7/8-hour drive.
  • The beautiful Phewa Lake and the magnificence of the Himalayas mounting at the backdrop create an atmosphere of peace and delight.
  • Being in Pokhara unlike Kathmandu will definitely add more excitement to your anticipation
  • Altitude: 820 m/2,690 feet
  • Accommodation: 3 Star Hotel
  • Walking Hour: 8 Hours DRIVE
  • Meals: Breakfast
  • Distance: 200 km
  • Transport: Private Vehicle

We will wake up quite early this morning to catch a flight to Jomsom, the district headquarters of Mustang. This short flight takes you through the world's deepest Kali Gandaki Gorge with the glorious view of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri is exceptional.


  • 20 minutes breathtaking flight to Jomsom, the windy valley of Nepal is unbelievable.
  • Great view with dozens of Himalayan giants poking into the sky.
  • Witness the Kali Gandaki River which dates back to 80 million old flowing from the Tibetan Plateau.
  • After morning tea walk to Kagbeni, the gateway of Upper Mustang through the ancient salt trade trail is unique.
  • Easy walk, lunch at Kagbeni itself – and after lunch excursion around the antique village of Kagbeni which is not to be missed.
  • Altitude: 2,800 m/9,186 ft
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: 4 Hours
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 12 Km

Having completed the permit formalities today we enter the restricted area of Upper Mustang. As said to be the desert of Nepal the valley widens with barren and arid surroundings with green villages in the middle that appear more like a mirage which is simply incredible.


  • Walking on the extended trail with Kagbeni and Nilgiri mountain as the backdrop is dazzling.
  • Witness a different part of the world, the land of ammonites (pre-historic stone) with striking views.
  • The stretch of Kali Gandaki river bed gives u the ancient history of its existence.
  • The dramatic setting of the landscape with canyons and wind-eroded hills is phenomenal.
  • Lunch at Tangbe or Chhusang, another ancient village.
  • Chele is a small beautiful settlement from where u can overlook the valley with its picturesque setting.
  • Altitude: 3,050 m/10,006 feet
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: 6/7 Hours
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 16 km

Today's walk is more into undulating trails with a couple of steep climbs and descents. Despite the 6-hour walk, the tremendous canyons with their unusual color that opens out are extraordinary. In this bizarre the farming fields with rich red buckwheat and brilliant green and the south view offering you a panorama of Nilgiri, Annapurna, Tilicho Peak, and YakawaKang add up to its magnificence.


  • The initial steep walk through the hill-cut trail in one of these tremendous canyons is remarkable.
  • You would witness the sky caves which date back more than 3000 years that were used as human settlements, burial chambers, and now lama hermit retreats.
  • Lunch at the small settlement of Bhena which is now a jeep station but with fabulous scenic beauty.
  • Climbing up to the pass before dropping down to Syangboche is remarkable for its unexpected views.
  • Syangboche is a small settlement deep into the valley but has a theatrical setting.
  • Altitude: 3,800 m/12,467 feet
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: 6/7 Hours
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 17 km

From Syangboche we climb gently to a small pass of 3800 m/12,467 ft with extraordinary views of mountains and deep valleys into the wind-eroded canyons. Today's walk is effortless with few short climbs in between but the beautiful scenery alongside would hardly allow us to realize the passing away of time and arrive at Ghami for lunch.


  • Endless colorful gullies to the north, east, and west which is outstanding.
  • South is still dominated by the soaring peaks of Nilgiri, Tilicho, and Annapurna.
  • After lunch free afternoon to explore Ghami, the ancient village with a time-honored monastery, Chortens, and Mani (prayer) walls.
  • Altitude: 3,520 m/11,548 feet
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: 5 Hours
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 10 km

This short trek to Tsarang takes us into the 'Land of Chortens". This trail marks the history and legend of the Indian saint Padmasambhava (750-810 AD), the founder of Tibetan Buddhism who created a fusion of Buddhism with the original Shamanistic religion of Tibet called Bon – whose influence upon the Indian Buddhism makes Tibetan Buddhism so fascinating.


  • Half an hour walk from Ghami we see the Longest ancient Mani wall of Mustang.
  • The soaring red cliffs to the west that tell you the legends of Padmasambhava are intriguing.
  • The 4-hour walk brings you to the fascinating big village of Tsarang just looks dramatic.
  • After lunch visit the ancient Monastery and the white palace of Tsarang which is their heritage.
  • Self-exploration around a maze-like Tsarang is worth it.
  • Altitude: 3,560 m/11,679 feet
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: 5 Hours
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 10.7 km

Finally we get to the plateau of Lo Monthang, ‘The Capital city and the Plain of Aspiration' of Mustang. The fabled walled city of Lo, the kingdom with a single entrance is a welcome sight! The king, “Lo Gyelbu”, named Jigme Palbar Bista, still resides at his four-storied palace inside the walled city of Lo Manthang.


  • Fascinating solitary ancient chorten in the middle of the road after an hour and a half walk from Tsarang.
  • The spectacular view of Lo Manthang, the valley of Thinkar, and Chhosar from the 4000 m pass of Lo-La.
  • View of varied historical ruined forts on the high hills is one of the highlights.
  • After lunch exploration into the legendary walled city of Lo.
  • Your group leader will organize various thrilling side excursions.
  • Altitude: 3,800 m/12,467 feet
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: 5 Hours
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 13 km/ 8 miles

Lo Manthang the capital city of Mustang contains about 150 houses and has some of the largest and finest Tibetan Buddhism gompas in Nepal. The city itself is absolutely fascinating place with four major ancient Monasteries which are impressive and an enormous 14th-century palace imposing 4-storey building in the center of the city.

Highlights and Excursions:

  • After breakfast, your leader will organize a jeep for the Chhosar excursion.

What u see in chhosar:-

  • Nyphu Cave monastery was built into the side of a soaring cliff.
  • 2500 years Jhong Sky Cave has more than 44 compartments and gives us the prehistoric settlement of humans.
  • During the afternoon if you are not exhausted you can walk to Thinkar's summer palace or explore the extraordinary ancient monasteries inside the walled city itself which is exceptional.
  • Altitude: 3,800 m/12,467 feet
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 16 km

Today we will walk different west terrain which offers you the most beautiful view despite a few steep downhill trials. We visit the world's oldest Tibetan monastery Ghar Gompa built around 7th century by the incarnated monk Padmasambhava.


  • We take a different trail that leads us to the world's oldest monastery, Ghar Gompa.
  • The views of the landscape and the mountain in the south are mesmerizing.
  • Lunch at a 7th-century monastery is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity.
  • The walk to Dhakmar is thrilling with different trails high above the canyons and eroded hills.
  • Dhakmar, a land of red cliffs is one of its kind where overnight is worth.
  • Altitude: 3,820 m/12,532 feet
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: 7/8 Hours
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 17.2 km / 10.6 miles

We trace back to the village of Syanboche where on the way back you have ample opportunity to look back into the missed-out views.

  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: 5/6 Hours
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 14.5km

We again trace back our trail towards the south. We start early today to visit the ancient Chungsi Cave Monastery which is one of the most attractive among all cave monasteries of Mustang where the Saint Padmasamvaba meditated around the 7th century. But be prepared for all the steep ascent after the cave exploration.


  • Early trek to visit the legendary Chungsi Cave Monastery built on the side of the vertical canyon wall, this is where Padmasambhava meditated with a vision to bring Buddhism in Tibet.
  • We have lunch at a pretty village of Samar famous for its poplar grove.
  • Descending down to the Chhusang with a great view of Nilgiri and a wide stretch of Kali Gandaki is significant.
  • Chhusang is another pretty old village with an apple orchard, there are too many Nepali and Tibetan songs sung portraying the beauty of Chhusang.
  • Altitude: 2,980 m/9,776 feet
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: 6/7 Hours
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 15km

We again trace back our trail towards south Via Kagbeni in a Reserve Vehicle or Local transportation - anything that is available.


  • Sceneic Drive from Chhusang to Jomsom
  • Descending down to the Chhusang with a great view of Nilgiri and a wide stretch of Kali Gandaki is significant.
  • Chhusang is another pretty old village with an apple orchard, there are too many Nepali and Tibetan songs sung portraying the beauty of Chhusang.
  • We exit from the restricted area of Mustang and continue driving to Jomsom
  • Altitude: 2,720 m/8,923 feet
  • Accommodation: Local Tea House
  • Walking Hour: Hour DRIVE
  • Meals: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
  • Distance: 22 km
  • Transport: Reserve Vehicle

We take an early morning flight from Jomsom to Pokhara. We fly right into the deepest gorge in the world, Kali Gandaki with a striking view of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges. Overnight stay in the lake city of Pokhara. Your group leader will assist with the side excursion, if any, as per your requirements.


  • We say final goodbye to our local trekking crew who will be driving to Kathmandu.
  • 20-minute flight to stunning Pokhara, and in Pokhara the beautiful Phewa Lake and the magnificence of the Himalayas mounting at the backdrop create an atmosphere of peace and delight.
  • As per preference, your leader will assist you in your Pokhara activities which may include: lake exploration and hike to Peace Pagoda, paragliding, zip lining, etc. or it’s entirely up to your choice if you want to stay back and explore Pokhara for shopping.
  • Accommodation: 3 Star Hotel
  • Meals: Brakfast
  • Transport: Domestic Flight

We take an early morning flight from Jomsom to Pokhara. We fly right into the deepest gorge in the world, Kali Gandaki with a striking view of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges. Overnight stay in the lake city of Pokhara. Your group leader will assist with the side excursion, if any, as per your requirements.


  •  We say final goodbye to our local trekking crew who will be driving to Kathmandu.
  • Accommodation: 3 Star Hotel
  • Meals: Breakfast
  • Transport: Domestic Flight

Today we will fly to Kathmandu with the beautiful panoramic Mountain View to your left.

  • Accommodation: Fly Back Home

The above itinerary is simply a guideline and is subject to alteration as per the circumstances. Your group leader is solely liable to bring about changes in the best interest of the group.


While trekking in the area of Upper Mustang the legends and ancient history unfolds before you with ample excursions. This excursion takes you deep into the ancient monasteries, ancient palaces, and ancient caves. The caves especially give you the history of prehistoric human settlements which are now used as burial chambers or a place for enlightenment.

However, to explore these mysterious places 'the Mustang Authorities charge an entrance fee. Travelers are to shoulder the fee incurred while visiting these places of significance. Travelers are also to bear the cost of any transportation facility used such as jeep or horses in any distant side excursion.

What's Included
  • PERMITS: All Essential permits + SPECIAL PERMIT required to trek in the region.
  • PICKUP AND DROPS: Airport pickup and drop facility on both Domestic and International flights are included.
  • ACCOMMODATION: Three-star twin bed sharing hotel Accommodation in Kathmandu and Pokhara on a Bed / Breakfast basis.
  • WELCOME DINNER: Welcome dinner in a typical traditional Nepali restaurant.
  • SIGHTSEEING: Half-day guided city sightseeing to two most sacred World Heritage Sites with a paid entrance fee.
  • TAXES: All Government and Local tax.
  • GROUND TRANSPORTATION: All Ground transportation to and from the preferred destination as per the itinerary – PRIVATE VEHICLE.
  • STAFF TRANSPORTATION: All ground transportation for all staff as required.
  • DOMESTIC FLIGHTS: Flight from Pokhara/ Jomsom, Jomsom/Pokhara, and Pokhara to Kathmandu.
  • EQUIPMENT: Fundamental trekking gear like a sleeping bag with fleece liners, Primaloft jacket, Rain Poncho, Yak-Track, Trekking Poles etc.
  • LODGING: Local Tea-house accommodation on a twin-sharing basis – A single supplement is provided on request OVER MINIMAL COST, however depends solely over the availability.
  • DRINKING WATER: Properly boiled hot water for drinking is provided every evening and morning – so it’s wise to have bottles equivalent to 3 liters or bottles along with Rehydration Bag (camel bag).
  • GLORIOUS FOOD: All Meals (Lunch, Dinner, Breakfast with hot beverages) during the trek.
  • TREK LEADER: An accomplished Trekking Group Leader (Legitimate Guiding License Holder) and assistant guide.
  • STAFF INSURANCE & ALLOWANCES: All Ground Staff and their Allowances + their insurance.
  • SAFETY CONCERNS: Oxygen cylinders and an all-inclusive comprehensive medical kit on all trips.
  • COMPLIMENTARY TAKE AWAY: Take away the Nepal Pyramids duffel bag, T-shirt, Buff (multi-functional head-wear), and trekking Map.
What's Excluded
  • NEPAL VISA: A fee of $50 that is levied on a 30-day Nepali visa.
  • INTERNATIONAL AIRFARE: The cost of all international flights.
  • PERSONAL EXPENSES: All personal expenses that may include Nepalese SIM card, internet, battery charging, hot shower, laundry, fizzy drinks, Alcohol, etc.
  • EMERGENCY: A medical examination of any kind, High Altitude Evacuation over any circumstances, Air Evacuation and Rescues.
  • DONATIONS: Donations of any kind.
  • STAFF TIPPING: Tipping is entirely a personal matter, however, it’s a trekking culture.
  • EXTRA NIGHTS: Extra night accommodation in Kathmandu on early arrival or Late departure.
  • SANCTIONS: Permits or the letter of Authorization that is required for special Filming, big Drones, and Filming Cameras.
  • INSURANCE: All-inclusive Travel or medical insurance is a must.
  • EXTRA PORTER: Over request Extra Porter or Assistant is provided that may include the cost of $25 per day.
  • OPTIONAL TOURS: Optional tours and sightseeing or any activities during free time.
Essential Trip Information


Upper Mustang Korala or Kora La Highway impact on Trekking:

Here we try our best to reflect on the changing landscape of trekking in the stunning Upper Mustang region due to the construction of the Kora La Highway.  It is a highway that connects Lo Manthang to the Tibetan border. 

The name is titled after the high mountain pass Kora La which is at an elevation of 4621 m / 15,160 feet. Korala is one of the oldest routes between the two regions. It was historically used for salt trade between Tibet and Nepalese kingdoms

However, this new Highway has certainly impacted the essence of trekking in Upper Mustang.  While development is often seen as a positive change, it has, unfortunately, altered the charm of trekking in this once pristine and secluded destination.

The construction of the Kora La Highway, while providing greater accessibility to Upper Mustang, has notably transformed the character of trekking in this once-remote and mystical region.

The construction of the highway has introduced increased accessibility to the Upper Mustang region. The once isolated and tranquil trails are now crowded diminishing the feeling of solitude that once defined this region.

The delicate ecosystem of Upper Mustang has been disrupted, and the serenity of the natural surroundings has been compromised. Increased traffic has also caused dust pollution, impacting the landscape and the health of local residents.
The authenticity and unique charm of the region's culture are slowly fading as tourism grows.

While some may argue that infrastructure development is beneficial, it has led to the construction of lodges and guesthouses that cater to mass tourism. The traditional teahouses that once added to the authenticity of the trekking experience have been replaced by more commercialized options.

Upper Mustang's treks have been compromised, as the arrival of tourists and vehicles along the highway has led to crowded trails, environmental degradation, and a shift towards more commercialized infrastructure.


The construction of the Kora La Highway has introduced a fascinating contrast into the enchanting realm of trekking in the Upper Mustang. As this winding road winds its way through the region's captivating landscapes, it has brought forth a delicate blend of transformation and tradition. 

The once-remote and hidden treasures of this area are now more accessible, allowing trekkers to witness the mesmerizing beauty of Upper Mustang without the difficult trials of the past. 

The road's presence has breathed new life into the local communities, providing economic opportunities, while still preserving the essence of a region known for its mystique. 

It has become a tapestry of exploration, offering travelers a chance to explore the rich tapestry of Upper Mustang's culture, architecture, and traditions, while also enjoying a more comfortable and convenient trekking experience. 

The highway invites adventurers to traverse landscapes that are both timeless and evolving, making it a unique and memorable journey that blends the old with the new, where the charm of Upper Mustang continues to captivate the souls of those who seek its enigmatic beauty.

Upper Mustang Trek FAQs

  • Upper Mustang is a region in the Himalayas of Nepal, situated in the north-central part of the country. It is known for its unique Tibetan culture and stunning landscapes.

  • To get to Jomsom one has to fly to Pokhara first, the second biggest city of Nepal - this literally means there isn't any direct flight to Jomsom form Kathmandu straight. But, visiting and staying overnight in Pokhara and catching the early morning flight to Jomsom is something not to be missed. 

  • The trek is considered moderate in terms of difficulty. The trails can be rough and challenging at times, and you will be walking at higher altitudes, so acclimatization is important.

    However with the building of the Kora-La Highway most of the trekking trail has been taken away which literally means you will be walking on jeepable roadway most of the time.


  • Yes, as of now there are cozy teahouses and lodges available along the Upper Mustang Trek route, making it a teahouse trek. You can find basic to luxury accommodation in a few places. However, cozy accommodation and meals is everywhere, but it's a good idea to carry some side snacks and bottled water with you.

  • You should pack warm clothing, sturdy trekking boots, a good backpack, a sleeping bag, and other essentials. Since the valley of Mustang is deep the wind is pretty strong. As you go higher the wind chill gets more stronger so be well equipped. With the raising dust along the way it's a good idea to save just a pair for trekking and more for change once you get to your guest house. Be sure to check the weather and temperature conditions before your trip.

  • The highest sleeping elevation while doing Mustang Tiji Festival trek is (3,800 m/12,467 ft). Though we go over some high passes but eventually we drop down to lower height for sleeping. Besides other mild mountain ailments like food poisoning or diarrhea there is no record of altitude sickness issues while doing Upper Mustang trek. However, we provide medically trained Group leaders with medications and oxygen cylinders to deal with any altitude sickness and other common mountain ailments.

  • Mustang Tiji Festival Trek is earnestly busy since this being one of the principal festivals of Mustang the flow of tourists both local and international will be in enormous volumes. Furthermore, Mustang has very limited lodges since it was opened to outside world only in 1992 and the Tea-House accommodation started very recently so the probability of these tea-houses being absolutely occupied can be potential.  However, depending on the earliest booking we give our best to do advance booking where possible and we always have cozy tents for backups in case of emergency. 


  • The Tiji festival, “prayer for world peace” which usually takes place in the month of May is an annual event of the native to honor the victory over evil. This three days religious ceremony is fundamentally celebrated to strengthen the hope of the people of Lo. The native have faith over the legends of a deity being reincarnated and bringing an end to all the evils and suffering – to mark this, monks in their colorful costumes and masks dance to the soothing rhythm which is simply magical.

  • Upper Mustang, though a moderate trek it is quite challenging, due to the variation of undulating trial that swings with diverse altitude. It’s a desert of Nepal with tons of river valleys where our trail literally runs through making it remarkably a walk with an amount of up and down climb. However, anyone with sensible fitness can join the Upper Mustang trek as the Nepal Pyramids itinerary is very well designed with slow pacing making every step more tranquil than exhausting. It's indeed a heaven for keen walkers.

    NOTE: Anyone with a weak ankle/knee, Heart/Lungs or any Pre-Medical history needs to seek the consent of their doctors which is mandatory.

  • Upper Mustang, though a moderate trek it is quite challenging, due to the variation of undulating trial that swings with diverse altitude. It’s a desert of Nepal with tons of river valleys where our trail literally runs through making it remarkably a walk with an amount of up and down climb. However, anyone with sensible fitness can join the Upper Mustang trek as the Nepal Pyramids itinerary is very well designed with slow pacing making every step more tranquil than exhausting. It's indeed a heaven for keen walkers.
    NOTE: Anyone with a weak ankle/knee, Heart/Lungs, or any Pre-Medical history needs to seek the consent of their doctors which is mandatory.
  • Mustang trip is earnestly busy during the Tiji Festival that falls around the month of May. This being one of the principal festivals of Mustang the flow of tourists both local and international will be in enormous volumes. However, for the rest of the years apart from winter Mustang will be pretty unoccupied.

    We don’t recommend the Mustang trek during winter due to the closure of lodges, inaccessibility due to heavy snow, and utter chill weather circumstances.


  • The best time to trek in Upper Mustang is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November).

    Winter (December to February) is not recommended for Upper Mustang Trek

  • Upper Mustang is a restricted area for which trekkers need to be associated with a local company – Permits required for this restricted area are: Special permits that cost $500 per trekker for 10 days which is a minimum permit validation Days authentication and extra $50 per trekker per day will be charged for additional days extension, ACAP (Annapurna Conservation Area Project) permit and TIMS (Trekking Information Management System) permit. However, all these will be prearranged before your arrival in Kathmandu.

  • Jomsom happens to be the 'Windy Valley' of Nepal and our air aviation is quite strict about flying small planes to these remote mountain airstrips. Secondly,  there are flight delays and sometimes cancellations under various weather circumstances.  However, this isn't an everyday story and there is an alternative of driving to and from Jomsom in case of flight cancellation. Though driving may be very long (9/10 hrs) in comparison to flying yet the fun of driving through the world's deepest gorge has a different charm. 

  • All our itineraries are intended to make the altitude variation appropriate for ample acclimatization, though the chances of getting AMS in Mustang are zero as we ascend very progressively. Furthermore, the highest point we sleep at is not more than 3,800 m / 12,467 feet. Moreover, we provide medically professional leaders who are certified and skilled at dealing with altitude-related ailments. Since the Mustang trek starts off with a very gradual ascent we don’t recommend taking Diamox or any altitude-related medication.

  • Upper Mustang trek which was opened to the outside world only in 1992 started off as a camping trek where tea house trekking started very recently. The tea houses that we see now in this region is nothing but the extension of their own houses which is quite basic and delivers twin bed sharing rooms with hygienic  COMMON toilet and bathrooms. During the Tiji Festival time which normally falls on the month of May these tea houses will be houseful and most trekkers use tents or homestay facility to witness this incredible festival. 

    You may have a variety of choices for the food but most tea houses still need to improvise in their making of Western food so please expect the least of what comes to the table as per your order - So far with Nepal Pyramids absolute contentment prevails in regards to meals and Local Tea-House.

  • It is always very wise to have an all-inclusive travel insurance policy covering all the aspects of your adventure including trip delays, cancellation, loss of property, sickness, or air evacuation. Though your leaders are highly trained to cope with any emergency situation sometimes even after the best of our precautions things happen. It is essential that you have the right travel insurance to cover yourself from everyday trekking injuries like sprained ankles to life-threatening conditions and natural disasters.

  • Mineral water is rampant in the Upper Mustang region yet Nepal Pyramids, for the environmental concern we are opposed to the use of disposable plastic bottles on any of our trips to Nepal Himalayas. With no additional cost, our staff will supply you with appropriately boiled water every morning and evening for which at least 2 metal or plastic Nalgene bottles are recommended. In case you run out of the delivered water you can always buy boiled and filtered water from the tea houses along the way at minimal charges.

  • The charging facility is not possible in all the settlements of Mustang as they still lack the Hydroelectricity facility and people still rely on their solar panels. Further, the villages with electricity facilities usually have a power cut during day time to stabilize the supply which is already very low. It is always wise to carry some extra batteries or fully charged power bank batteries to charge your devices - besides, your batteries run out pretty quickly in the cold. 

    Over trivial cost, all tea houses provide you with basic hot showers that include solar showers, gas showers,s or Bucket showers.
    Once we enter into the restricted area of Mustang the Wi-Fi facility is more like zero, Lo-Manthang provides you with a Pre-Paid Wi-Fi connection over some charges but not always reliable.

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Nepal Pyramids is here to craft your Nepal dreams into reality. We assure you a trip extraordinarily out of the world with quality service and value for money. We propose comprehensive flexible packages with unbeatable price - without any hidden cost.

  • Team of Local Experts
    Team of Local Experts

    Our team of local experts is the driving force behind our success. With their passion, experience, and commitment, our team of local experts ensures that we all are not just participants but integral contributors to the growth and well-being of the community we serve.

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    Safety is our Prior Concern

    Safety is our foremost concern at our Travel company. We prioritize the well-being of our adventurers above all else. We provide top-notch equipment and conduct rigorous safety checks to ensure every trek is as secure as it is adventurous.

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    Nepal Pyramids takes pride in making your journey hassle-free from start to finish. With our efficient services, expert Group Leading, and attention to detail, you can leave the hassles behind and focus on creating lasting memories during your travels.

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